photoshop creative
Oct
5

A complete guide to the Photoshop blend modes…

Posted in:
Tips & Tutorials, by Mark White
October 5, 2014

What do they all do and when should we use them?

Normal

The Normal blend mode is default. The two layers do not interact in any way at all.

Dissolve

Dissolve makes the lower layer take on the colours of the top layer, depending on the Opacity of the top layer, which is 50%, here.

Darken

Darken compares each pixel between the two layers and displays the darker of the two.

Multiply

Multiply darkens the lower layer based on the darkness of the upper layer.

Colour Burn

Colour Burn burns the colour of the two layers, to create a darker image.

Linear Burn

Linear Burn is similar to Multiply, only it applies a more intense finish.

Lighten

Lighten compares each pixel between the two layers and displays the lighter of the two.

Screen

Screen brightens a picture by lightening a layer based on the upper layer. It’s the opposite of the Multiply.

Colour Dodge

Dodges the lower layer with the upper, to give a lighter image.

Linear Dodge

The same as Screen, just more intense.

Overlay

Overlay multiplies light colours and screens dark colours.

Soft Light

Soft Light multiplies dark tones and screens light ones.

Hard Light

Hard light does the same as Soft Light, just with colours and not tones.

Vivid Light

Vivid Light dodges or burns lower layers depending on whether the upper layers’ pixels are bright or darker than a basic grey.

Linear Light

The same as Vivid light, but works on brightness and not contrast.

Pin Light

Combines both Screen and Multiply depeding on whether or not the upper layer is darker or lighter than basic grey.

Difference

Inverts the colours.

Exclusion

Uses the darkness of the lower layer to mask the difference between two layers.

Hue

Hue changes just hue: not brightness or saturation.

Saturation

Alters the saturation of a lower layer, changing it to the hue of the upper layer.

Colour

Changes hue and saturation.

Luminosity

Changes luminosity of a lower layer to the liminodity of an upper layer, but changes nothing else.